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Smallpox disappeared after vaccination was introduced to Japan in the Meiji period (1868-1912), but the bright red Daruma dolls remained extremely popular as good-luck charms -- today they are one of Japan’s most ubiquitous icons of good fortune.Painting in the eyes of Daruma dolls is a widespread modern practice to ensure success in business, marriage, politics, and other endeavors.In the Tibetan tradition, Dharmatrata, along with the Northern Chan master Mahayana, were added to the list of 18 Arhats. Both versions are considered largely apocryphal, containing layer upon layer of embellishments and legendary accretions spanning many centuries. Daruma and Courtesanby Katsukawa Shunkō 勝川春好（1743～1812). He is commonly considered the founder of Chan (Zen) Buddhism 禅, and credited with Chan's introduction to China.
By the 18th century, red-colored Daruma dolls (with no arms or legs) were also sold to ward off smallpox.Three years later, in the Pamir mountains, a Chinese diplomat named Sòng Yún 宋雲 is returning to China from a trip to the West when he meets Bodhidharma, who is on his way back to India, walking barefoot and carrying one shoe in his hand.When the diplomat finally gets home, and tells this story, the master’s grave is opened and all that is found is one shoe.In Tibet/China/Japan, he is an avatar of Avalokitêśvara (J = Kannon). Photo Prints of Japan Wall-Gazing Daruma 面壁達磨Phallic Symbol. Among them was the Treatise on the Two Entrances and Four Practices, attributed to Bodhidharma (but recorded by his disciple Tanlin).In Japan, famous monks like Gyōki & Eisai are his avatars. Modern scholars such as John Mc Rae and Jeffrey Broughton see no reason to doubt this attribution.
In Tamil Nadu (southern India), he is known as போதிதர்மன்Bodhi = Enlightened, Dharma = Universal Law. DEFINITIONS: BODHI (Sanskrit): Enlightened, Enlightenment. The opposite of Avidya (Sanskrit), the latter meaning ignorance or self delusion, or the belief that one's self is distinct from the external world. Much has been gleaned from this discovery, including biographical information on Daruma, documents believed to be Bodhidharma's teachings, and two letters to Huike, along with the latter's reply.