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Below is a "dash-diamond-dash" line, with "LOUISVILLE, KY. The font used and the dash-diamond dash separates this bat from Outside and below the oval has the word "TRADEMARK" There is one example that uses the word "COPYRIGHTED" The next center brand Reads: "J. HILLERICH & SON" done with "MADE BY" above it, and "LOUISVILLE SLUGGER" at the very top. Outside and below the oval has the word "TRADEMARK" "C." with the catalog number directly above it. A." replaced dash-dot-dash in 1921, and is directly below "The 1964-1979 Center Brand remains exactly the same from the period before but the Registered Trademark is added directly after the words "LOUISVILLE SLUGGER" at the top. There are other variations of this label through 2000-2015 but the sample is just showing the basic design of the oval. The Registered Trademark symbol is to the right of the H&B logo but now at the top. The "125" is the catalog number designated for Professional and high quality store model bats.

(pictured is catalog designation 125) "LOUISVILLE SLUGGER" is at the very top of the oval. In 1973 the Registered Trademark is added over the "d" in Powerized (not shown here) Outside and below the oval "REG. A breakdown of the different labels will be added soon. "LOUISVILLE SLUGGER" is at the bottom to the left of the ampersand, & "MADE IN U. The highest grade of wood is reserved for all 125 baseball bats. 40 was the highest quality line of baseball bats in the Louisville Slugger catalog. Louisville slugger began using model numbers on the knob in 1943 then moving the model number to the barrel in 1977. They introduced the "Powerized and Bone Rubbed" logo for the 1932 season and in 19 you will see it stamped "Powerized and Oil Tempered" which usually is a very light heat foil type print.

The official records of Han suggest that the coins of this size were made continuously throughout the later Chin and early Han periods, and one probably cannot assign them specifically to one Dynasty or the other.

Pan Liangs under 30 mm can safely be assigned to the Western Han Dynasty and are discussed under that heading.

It is commonly accepted that in 221 BC, at the time of the unification, Ch'in introduced the Pan (pronounced "Ban") Liang coinage, discontinuing knife and spade coinage.

This is by no means certain and we find it difficult to accept, believing the coinage of this period is more complex and knife and spade coinage was phased out gradually.

This had lead us to believe the coins diameter is the important factor in determining the period or issue.This could make the earliest issues contemporaries of the Ming-Huo Round Coin Series, but since they were cast to the heavy standard down to 180 BC, it may not be possible to differentiate between the Zhou, Ch'in and early Han dynasty issues. Most references suggest that the large Pan Liang coins were the principle coinage of the Chin Dynasty, but a problem arose; they are rather scarce, in fact they have a higher scarcity than ming knifes and square foot spades. These come in a wide variety of weights, ranging from about 9 grams to as high as 18 grams.If they really had been the principle coinage of China for over 75 years, they should be fairly common. Examples this size are scarce and like other Pan Liang coins, the heavier specimens are most prized by collectors so sell for more, even through all were probably part of the same issue. Average (4 specimens) 6.38 grams (range 4 to 12 grams).We previously discussed the possibility that some Square-Foot Spades and early Square-Holed Round Coins were cast under the Ch'in, but we also believe the earliest Pan Liang were cast before 221 BC.img src="chis93.jpg" alt="Pan liang without rim" height="294" width="300" During the Zhou period, there had been a direct connection between the "Liang as a weight" (12 grams when applied to coinage) and the Liang as a coin denomination.

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The many calligraphy variations probably hold the key to this puzzle but with no official records extant, it is unlikely this will ever be fully understood.